Acne is a skin condition that occurs due to hair follicles getting clogged with dead skin cells and oil. It causes pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads. Below, doctors from the best dermatology clinic discuss the types of acne and their treatments.

Types of acne

According to the best dermatologists in Salt Lake, these are the following types of acne.

1.      Whiteheads

Whiteheads are facial bumps that are closed by dead skin and oil.

2.      Blackheads

Blackheads are open bumps on your skin filled with dead skin and excess oil. They appear like dirt deposits on the skin.

3.      Fungal acne

Fungal acne occurs when excess yeast develops in your hair follicles. They can become inflamed or itchy.

4.      Pustules

Pimples that contain pus are called pustules. They appear like whiteheads surrounded by red rings. If scratched or squeezed, they can become inflamed and itchy.

5.      Papules

Papules are small pink or red bumps that look inflamed.

6.      Nodules

Nodules are pimples that occur deep within the skin. They are painful and large.

7.      Cysts

Cysts are pus-filled pimples. They often leave behind scars.

Treatments of acne

Best dermatologists suggest the following acne treatments.

●        Salicylic acid

Your dermatologist may suggest you to use an over-the-counter lotion or cleanser with a composition of salicylic acid for your acne. It helps in removing the top layer of skin that has been affected by acne and dissolves the dead skin cells to prevent the hair follicles from clogging.

●        Benzoyl Peroxide

Benzoyl Peroxide acne treatments help in targeting the surface bacteria that cause acne. Your dermatologist can recommend the right concentration of benzoyl peroxide, as higher concentrations can irritate your skin.

●        Retinoids 

Retinoids break up whiteheads and blackheads to prevent clogged pores which are one of the first signs of acne. Your doctor will give you the directions for use. Usually, retinoids are applied to the entire area affected by acne to prevent new pimples.

●        Azelaic Acid

Azelaic acid is a type of natural acid that reduces swelling caused by acne and kills microorganisms on your skin.

●        Antibiotics

Antibiotics help in controlling the surface bacteria of your skin which is responsible for aggravating the swelling caused by acne.

We have discussed the types of acne and their treatment. However, you must consult with the best dermatologists to know which kind of treatment will be the best suitable for you.