Acne refers to a skin condition that influences a large part of the global population. It develops when oil blocks hair follicles, leading to blackheads, pimples and cysts. While acne is usually associated with puberty, it may affect individuals of all age groups and may be caused by a variety of factors. The best dermatologists in Salt Lake tell us about the causes and treatment of acne.


The primary causes of acne are as follows:

  • Hormonal Fluctuations

A group of hormones, which include testosterone, known as androgens, play a vital role in the development of acne. During the phase of puberty, these hormones activate sebaceous glands, causing them to enlarge and create more sebum. Hormonal fluctuations taking place during pregnancy and the menstrual cycle can result in acne.  

  • Genetics 

Genetic predisposition may influence an individual’s chances of developing acne.

  • Diet 

Certain types of food, such as high-glycemic food, dairy products and food that is relatively high in saturated fats has been linked to increase the risk of acne.

  • Stress 

Chronic stress may sometimes trigger hormonal alterations, which may worsen the condition of acne. In a few instances, stress-induced inflammation may also tend to heighten existing lesions.

  • Environmental Factors

Exposure to pollutants, humidity and particular cosmetics may contribute to acne flare-ups as they clog pores and promote inflammation. Moreover, the bacterium Propionibacterium acnes, which is typically found on the skin, may multiply at a speedy rate.

If you notice any signs of acne, visit the best dermatologists in Salt Lake to assess the severity of the condition.


Common treatments include the following:

  • Topical medications

Topical treatments that are available over-the-counter and in prescription strengths, like benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid and retinoids, may help in unclogging pores and reducing inflammation.

  • Oral medications

In more severe instances, oral medications like antibiotics, hormonal therapies and isotretinoin may be prescribed.

  • Professional treatments

Exfoliating procedures like chemical peels help unclog pores and enhance skin texture. Microdermabrasion and laser therapy may also aid in improving the conditions of acne and reduce scarring. Therapies that are light-based target bacteria and inflammation to lower acne lesions. Dermatologists can extract comedones(whiteheads and blackheads) by using specialised tools.

  • Skincare

Daily cleansing with a mild cleanser aids in eliminating excess oil and debris from the skin. Using a broad-spectrum sunscreen will help prevent post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.


Understanding the underlying causes is vital for developing effective treatment strategies in regard to acne. It is essential to consult the best dermatologists in Salt Lake to identify the specific type of acne and determine the appropriate course of treatment.