Bone and joint pain can affect both old and young adults. Understanding the underlying causes of these discomforts is vital for proper diagnosis and treatment. Here, the best orthopedic doctor in Newtown has discussed the causes of bone and joint pain.

What causes bone and joint pain?

According to the best orthopedic surgeon in Saltlake, the causes of bone and joint pain are as follows.

1. Osteoarthritis (OA): Osteoarthritis refers to a degenerative joint disease. It is characterized by the breakdown of cartilage, leading to bone-on-bone contact, inflammation, and pain. Age, joint overuse, and genetics are key contributing factors.

2. Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA): RA is an autoimmune disorder that makes the body’s immune system attack its own joints, resulting in pain, inflammation, and potential joint deformity. Genetic and environmental factors often play a key role in its onset.

3. Trauma and Fractures: Bone and joint pain can stem from accidents, falls, sports injuries, or fractures. The trauma disrupts the normal structure of bones and joints, causing acute or chronic pain.

4. Overuse or Repetitive Strain Injuries: Frequent stress and strain on joints due to repetitive movements or activities, common in athletes or individuals with certain occupations, can lead to chronic pain and inflammation.

5. Bursitis: Bursitis occurs when the bursae, small fluid-filled sacs that cushion bones, become inflamed due to repetitive motion or pressure. This condition causes localized joint pain.

6. Tendonitis: Tendonitis involves inflammation or irritation of tendons, often due to overuse or injury. It results in localized pain, tenderness, and reduced joint mobility.

7. Gout: Gout is caused by the build-up of uric acid crystals in one’s joints. It usually affects the big toe and causes sudden, severe pain, swelling, and redness.

8. Lupus: Lupus is a kind of autoimmune disease that can affect joints, causing pain, stiffness, and swelling. It may also affect other organs and tissues in the body.

9. Infections: Bone and joint infections, like osteomyelitis or septic arthritis, can result from bacterial or viral infections, leading to severe pain, swelling, and limited joint movement.

10. Herniated Discs: In the spine, herniated discs can compress nerves, causing radiating pain down the arms or legs.

11. Fibromyalgia: Fibromyalgia, a chronic pain disorder characterized by tender points, muscle stiffness, fatigue, and sleep disturbances. While not directly related to the bones, it can cause widespread musculoskeletal pain.

12.Nutritional Deficiencies: Deficiencies in calcium, vitamin D, or other essential nutrients can weaken bones and lead to bone pain and conditions like osteoporosis.

13. Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD): DDD involves the degeneration of intervertebral discs in the spine, causing chronic back pain and limiting mobility.

14. Systemic Diseases: Certain systemic disorders like diabetes, thyroid disorders, and kidney disease can contribute to bone and joint pain due to their effects on bone health.

If you are grappling with persistent or severe pain, consulting the best orthopedics in Newtown for a comprehensive evaluation and personalized treatment plan is essential. Early intervention can significantly improve outcomes and enhance your overall well-being.