Small vessel disease:

When the walls of your small arteries in the heart get damaged, the condition is known as small vessel disease. This heart condition is also known as coronary microvascular disease. The main symptom of small vessel disease is chest pain (angina). The condition is hard to detect but is treatable. So, the best cardiologist in Kolkata attached to The Newtown Clinic advises you to consult a doctor if you have a chest pain or other symptoms related to any heart disease.


  • Shortness of breath is a symptom of small vessel disease.
  • The most common symptom that you will observe is chest pain or any discomfort in the chest. It is also known as angina. You may also face a squeezing sensation in your chest. This type of discomfort gets worse when you have stress or during daily activities.
  • Along with chest pain, you may also suffer from discomfort in the jaw, back, left arm, neck, and abdomen.
  • Lack of energy may also cause tiredness or fatigue throughout the day.

If you are getting yourself treated for coronary artery disease along with stents and angioplasty and yet your symptoms do not go away, you may be a patient of small vessel disease. None of the symptoms can be neglected or kept untreated. So, if you face any of the symptoms, do not wait and visit The Newtown Clinic, where you will be able to make an appointment with the best cardiologist in Kolkata.

In most cases, women get affected by small vessel disease. If you are already a sufferer of high blood pressure or diabetes, you may be prone to small vessel disease.


High blood pressure, obesity, diabetes, and high cholesterol are the main causes behind having small vessel disease. When your small vessels get damaged, they gradually lose their ability to expand and results in a lack of oxygen-rich blood. This inability to the expansion of small vessels is known as endothelial dysfunction.

Risk factors:

According to the best cardiologist in Kolkata, small vessel disease is more observed in women than men. Risk factors are as follows:

  • An unhealthy or imbalanced diet
  • Unhealthy and inactive lifestyle
  • Obesity (if your BMI that is body mass index is 30 or above)
  • High blood pressure
  • Usage of tobacco
  • High levels of cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • Chronic inflammation
  • Insulin resistance
  • Deficiency of estrogen in women
  • PCOS- Polycystic ovarian syndrome
  • Age (men who are above 45 and women who are above 55)

If you keep your small vessel disease untreated, you have a major risk of getting a heart attack, congestive heart failure, or coronary artery spasm. So, do not delay your treatment and make an appointment with the best cardiologist in Kolkata.