Stomach ulcers, also known as peptic ulcers, are sores that develop on the lining of the stomach. They can cause significant discomfort and, if left untreated, lead to serious complications. Understanding how these ulcers are diagnosed and treated can help you manage the condition effectively. For expert care, you can consult the best gastroenterology doctor in New Town.

Diagnosing Stomach Ulcers

Diagnosing stomach ulcers involves a series of steps to ensure accurate identification of the problem.

  • Medical History and Symptoms: Your doctor will begin by asking about your symptoms, medical history, and any medications you are taking. Common symptoms of stomach ulcers include burning stomach pain, bloating, heartburn, and nausea.
  • Physical Examination: A thorough physical examination helps the doctor assess your overall health and look for signs that might indicate an ulcer.

Tests and Procedures:

  • Endoscopy: An endoscope is a thin tube with a camera that is inserted through the mouth to examine the stomach lining. This procedure allows the gastroenterology doctor in New Town to directly view the ulcer and take tissue samples if necessary.
  • Barium Swallow: You might be asked to drink a barium solution before undergoing X-rays. Barium coats the stomach lining, making ulcers more visible on the X-ray images.
  • H. pylori Test: Since many ulcers are caused by the Helicobacter pylori bacteria, your doctor may order a breath, blood, or stool test to check for this infection.

Treating Stomach Ulcers

Once diagnosed, treating stomach ulcers involves addressing the underlying cause and promoting healing.

  • Antibiotics: If your ulcer is caused by an H. pylori infection, antibiotics will be prescribed to kill the bacteria.
  • Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs): These medications reduce stomach acid production, helping to heal the ulcer and relieve pain.
  • H2-Receptor Antagonists: These drugs also reduce acid production and are sometimes used alongside PPIs.
  • Antacids: Over-the-counter antacids can neutralize stomach acid and provide quick symptom relief.

Lifestyle Changes

  • Dietary Adjustments: Avoiding spicy foods, alcohol, and caffeine can help reduce irritation to the stomach lining.
  • Quit Smoking: Smoking can interfere with the healing process, so quitting is crucial.
  • Stress Management: Reducing stress through relaxation techniques or counseling can help prevent ulcers from worsening.
  • Follow-up Care: Regular check-ups with your gastroenterology doctor in New Town ensure that the ulcer is healing properly and that any necessary adjustments to your treatment plan can be made.

When to Seek Help?

If you experience severe symptoms such as sudden, sharp stomach pain, vomiting blood, or black, tarry stools, seek immediate medical attention. These could be signs of a serious complication like a perforated ulcer.

Conclusion

Stomach ulcers require careful diagnosis and comprehensive treatment to ensure proper healing and prevent complications. By consulting the best gastroenterology doctor in New Town, you can receive expert care tailored to your needs. Remember, early detection and treatment are key to managing stomach ulcers effectively, and regular follow-ups with a gastroenterology doctor in New Town can help maintain your digestive health.